A. PLAUTIUS AR DENARIUS, "BACCHIVS IVDAEVS" - FIRST JUDAEA CAPTA COIN, 55 B.C.E.
Sydenham 932. Crawford 431/1, RSC Plautia 13, Hendin 1443, Fine, Obverse flan flaw, 17.7mm, 3.52 grams.
Obverse: Turreted head of Cybele right, surrounded by inscription, A. PLAVTIVS AED. CVR S.C behind
Reverse: Bacchius presumed to be Aristobulus kneels right, camel at side, extending olive branch, IVDAEVS on right, BACCHIVS in exergue
Bacchius is unknown to history but the most likely explanation offered for the meaning of the coin is that it is a Roman Judaea submission type. The coin was struck at the time of the defeat of Aristobulus AND includes the caption IVDAEVS. Evidently it refers to the submission of Aristobulus the High Priest to Pompey. There is also a similar denarius (although much more common) of the ally of Aristobulus depicting him in submission as well and clearly naming him ARETAS, thus making this attribution for Aristobulus pretty airtight. See Hendin's GBC page 404.
Flan flaw on the obverse, but the main side, the reverse is quite clear with the readable BACCHIVS IVDAEAS!